Q. Which area, designated as a Biosphere Reserve and an International Site of Conscience, protects 82,027 acres of significant ecological and historic sites?
A: Golden Gate National Recreation Area stretches from southern San Mateo County to northern Marin County and includes several areas of San Francisco. Some notable sites within the GGNRA include Muir Woods National Monument, Alcatraz, and the Presidio of San Francisco.
Q. Which national park features a dormant volcano and a unique forest filled with plant species found from around the globe?
A: Haleakalā National Park in Maui, Hawaii is named after the Haleakalā (East Maui) Volcano, which last erupted sometime between 1480 and 1600 AD. The park also features Hosmer's Grove, a unique forest of trees including deodar from the Himalayas, sugi from Japan, eucalyptus from Australia, and several species from North America (pine, spruce, cypress, fir, and others).
Q. Which tropical national park protects dozens of historic ruins from the colonial and plantation eras through the 1950s?
A: Virgin Islands National Park features the Annaberg Historic District, which protects a partially restored sugar factory and windmill, the Reef Bay Sugar Factory Historic District -- the site of an old sugar factory -- and the Catherineberg Sugar Mill Ruins which serve as an example of an 18th-century sugar and rum factory. The Reef Bay Trail petroglyphs, which are Taíno rock carvings, are thought to be thousands of years old.
Q. Which national park located near the starting point of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was formerly known as the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial until 2018?
A: Located in St. Louis, Missouri, Gateway Arch National Park was established to commemorate the Louisiana Purchase, the westward movement of American explorers and pioneers, and the debate around slavery raised by the Dred Scott case. The park is known as the "Gateway to the West" and is the tallest structure in Missouri. The United States Congress approved the renaming of the park in 2018.
Q. Which national park was the first area to be designated for federal government protection before any national parks had existed, making it the oldest national park managed by the National Park System?
A: Established before the concept of a national park existed, the United States Congress created an act to preserve what is now Hot Springs National Park for future recreation on April 20, 1832. This was the first time that the federal government set aside land to preserve its use as an area for recreation.